Data logger, oscilloscope, signal generator and more!

DrDAQ is a versatile instrument that connects to the USB port of any PC. Using the supplied PicoScope software it can be used as an oscilloscope, spectrum analyzer and signal generator.

From just £95.00


Monitoring the rate of reaction between two liquids: results

The results from a trial experiment using thiosulphate at room temperature and at bench concentrations are shown below:

DrDAQ rate of reaction graph

Figure 3: graph from PicoLog

The y-axis is left scaled in mV although ideally this could be converted to percentage of light reaching the LED or perhaps more simply completeness of reaction. Although a little jagged, the trend can be seen to be exponential with the rate of reaction diminishing as the reaction progresses.

Answers to questions

Q1. Why is the gradient of the graph initially quite steep but becomes less steep as time progresses?

A1. As time progresses the reactants are converted to products and are therefore in less abundance to react with each other. The reaction slows down.

Q2. What shape does the graph take if the chemicals are warmer?

A2. The steepness of the curve is greater and tends to level out sooner as the reactant particles are moving more quickly and make more violent collisions with each other more frequently. The reaction takes less time to reach completion.

Q3. What shape does the graph take if the chemicals are diluted?

A3. The curve is shallower as there are less reactant particles available to collide with each other.

Teachers’ notes

The manufacture of the sensor is a lot simpler than it may first appear and can be assembled for about £2.00. Perhaps a friendly technologist may lend a hand. Our science department now has 10 for use with data-loggers and voltmeters! The 3k9 resistor in series with the LDR is to convert the output resistance into a measurable voltage. The data sheet from Maplins and a few calculations pointed towards the value used. As the DrDAQ will measure up to 5 volts the greatest range possible was desirable.

Once the hardware is made, it should take no longer than 10 minutes to set up ready to use. A trial experiment would be useful to ensure you have suitable concentrations of reactants to give suitable results before letting students loose as most students have less patience than teaching staff!

Please check your safety documentation before using thiosulphate as some LEAs are reluctant to use it in the lab. If you do use it please advise students to avoid putting their faces directly over the reacting chemicals to avoid inhaling sulfurous fumes.

Changes in concentration and temperature can produce marvellous results with the data-logger and only very small changes are needed to see a marked difference. Possibly the making of an assessed piece of coursework?


The idea of using a data-logger to monitor rates of reaction came from an article in the ASE magazine School Science Review submitted by Vincent Parkes of Nunthorpe Community School, Middlesbrough in September 1999. Vincent used a voltmeter attached to a LDR in circuit with a DC supply to monitor the amount of light getting through a reacting cocktail. Vincent deserves credit for the idea and the notes above form further development and extensions to his initial work.

Submitted by

Robert Tudor, Science Teacher at Minsthorpe Community College, West Yorkshire. You can e-mail me with comments or for advise at Rtudor2294@aol.com.

Finally, do please try the setup suggested, I think you will be quite impressed by its potential.


  • The kit (2408B) is of obvious quality, easy to setup and calibrate and the free to download software has a reasonable learning curve. Superb kit, superb support, what more can I say.

    Rop Honnor
  • I have been using my 4224 PicoScope for years. I travel abroad so this has been ideal due to its physical size. Storage of waveforms on my Laptop is very easy allowing me to quickly email waveforms to my Colleagues.

  • Not many USB scopes works on Win & Mac & Linux too, so that proves me that guys from Pico really cares about us, customers. This made my decision much easier when I was looking to buy an USB scope.

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  • We have been using Picoscope 6404D for quite some time, and are amazed by its accuracy and powerful emulations while working with numerous signal evaluations.

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  • PicoLog TC-08: This is a very nice unit that works consistently and reliably.

    Jeff Hulett
  • It is a great scope. I had a weird problem - it did not work on one of my PC’s. Customer service gave me first class service. If I could give 6 stars for customer service - I would do so.

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  • Perfect Partner for Development of Encoder controlled Stepper Motor Actuators. Since the included software is really stable, this type of device is a great tool for great tasks!

    Helmut Schoettner
  • A superb piece of equipment worth its weight in gold

    Nigel Clinch
  • So simple to use & beats any other I have ever used hands down.

    John D Samsing
  • Great functionality in a compact size. I really like moving the mouse pointer to a position and having the Time and Voltage display the values at that point. Calibration equipment is a breeze with that feature.

    Don Horein

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