PicoScope 5000 Series

Flexible resolution oscilloscopes

PicoScope 5000 Series - Elektra Awards Winner 2013

High speed and high resolution. Breakthrough ADC technology switches from 8 to 16 bits in the same oscilloscope.


Burning oxygen - how much oxygen is required to sustain a flame


The PicoLog graph below shows the measured results.


Fig2: Screen capture of PicoLog


  1. What two by-products were produced by the flame?
    The graph shows that heat and light are produced when the candle is burning. This can be seen on the graph by an increase in heat inside the jar during the experiment and an increase in light level after the candle was lit. Another by-product of burning oxygen is the production of CO2.
  2. At what point did the candle extinguish?
    When the candle is burning it produces light. The light level would have dropped to zero when the candle was extinguished. This is shown at about 25 seconds in our experiment.
  3. How does the graph show you that the candle uses oxygen?
    When the candle was sealed inside the container the % of oxygen inside the container started dropping.
  4. What oxygen level is required to keep the candle burning?
    The candle was extinguished after 30 seconds when the air was made up with 18.8% oxygen. This shows that the candle flame requires an oxygen level of greater than 18.8% oxygen to remain alight.


  • The candle extinguished in 30 seconds when the oxygen level was 18.8%.
  • The temperature in the glass rose by 2.6 °C.
  • During the experiment the oxygen level decreased to 17.8%.

Credits, comments and further info

This experiment was written by J Carey at Pico Technology.


  • I love using the 4423 automotive scope. It is a fantastic tool. 6 or even 8 channels would have been a dream. Keep-up the good work Pico THANK YOU.

    Carl Georgiou, Australia
  • A superb piece of equipment worth its weight in gold

    Nigel Clinch
  • So simple to use & beats any other I have ever used hands down.

    John D Samsing
  • Great functionality in a compact size. I really like moving the mouse pointer to a position and having the Time and Voltage display the values at that point. Calibration equipment is a breeze with that feature.

    Don Horein

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